BUSN-2310: Business Statistics ( Online | Spring 2018 )

Download this syllabus as a PDF Document.

Instructor Information
Instructor Name

Joan McGrory

Instructor Rank

Associate Professor

Instructor Email jmcgrory@southwest.tn.edu
Instructor Website


Instructor Office


Office Hours

Office hours are posted next to my office door.  Please use PAWS Email to set an appointment.  Also, it is important that you prepare for the appointment.  Please make sure that you read the portion of the syllabus related to preparing for the appointment.

Also, it is important to note that many questions can be answered via PAWS Email.  Often, using PAWS Email to ask questions or seek help is much faster than an office visit.  You will save time if you prepare a detailed question that includes the exact text of the problem that you are trying to solve and your approach to solving the problem including your calculations.  If you are not able to start working on the problem because you are confused, that's ok, you can explain this and I will point you in the right direction.

Instructor Phone

901-333-4544   PAWS EMail is required for all online students.

Department Phone

(901) 333-4130

Course Information
Course Description

Introduction to basic statistical procedures for analysis and interpretation of business data; collection and presentation of data, probability theory, measures of central tendency and variability, sampling distributions, estimation of parameters, and principles of hypothesis testing.

Student Learning Objectives
  1. Demonstrate understanding of measures of dispersion such as range, variance, and standard deviation (Reference LO3-4)

  2. Demonstrate understanding of methods of assigning probabilities including the classical, empirical, or subjective approaches (Reference LO5-2)

  3. Identify differences between discrete distributions including Binomial, Hypergeometric, and Poisson. (Reference LO6-4, LO6-5, LO6-6)

  4. Describe the characteristics of a normal probability distribution. (Reference LO7-2)

    Describe four methods to sample a population. (Reference LO8-1)

  5. Demonstrate understanding of the Empirical Rule  (Reference LO3-5, LO7-2)


Completion of ACCT1010: Principles of Accounting I

Instructional / Learning Methods

This course follows a schedule.  It is *not* self-paced.  Assignments must be completed by the due date.  Students must be willing to learn from a variety of materials. In an online environment, this includes textbook reading.  Additionally, students may be required to watch videos including YouTube videos that are focused on giving class information and/or may demonstrate CONNECT online problem-solving assignments.  Students may be required to complete learning projects for describing problem solving processes observed, complete chapter problems, and to complete Excel spreadsheet assignments.

Textbooks, Supplementary Materials, Hardware, and Software Requirements
Required Text

Smartbook with LearnSmart & Connect assignments:

Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics (SmartBook) (17th edition) by Lind, Marchal, and Wathen. Published by McGraw-Hill and includes LearnSmart and Connect

This can be purchased by logging into a very specific website associated with the section of the class.  Then, payment can be made in a variety of methods including direct purchase through the website via credit card or by first purchasing an access code from the bookstore and then entering that access code in the website.  

Connect system login: 

The e-book with LearnSmart and Connect described above is essential for required class assignments including exams.

CONNECT is *not* free.  Although CONNECT offers a free trial (typically 14 days) to help students who are waiting for finances to be resolved, the student must purchase access to the Connect system for assignments that are scheduled throughout the semester.  Please note that the free trial includes access to the e-book, Smartbook, LearnSmart, and Connect assignments and so all students can start classwork immediately using the free trial.  After the trial period, you will be unable to access the material until you purchase access. Work completed under the free trial will again become available after you pay for access.  The work is never lost.

Each class has a different Connect Web address.  Make sure you are logging into the correct Connect Web address.  If you register into the wrong Connect Web address, you may be doing work in a different course and you will *not* receive credit for your work and you will receive a grade of zero (0) for these assignments.  You are responsible for enrolling in the Correct CONNECT Class section.  WRONG SECTION = 0 grade.

Where is the Connect Web address?  The Connect Web address will be visible to you from within our course in the PAWS system.  CONNECT is REQUIRED.  Throughout the semester you will be required to use Connect to complete mandatory assignments and exams.

Additional Text

As noted in the required materials, students must have access to the CONNECT System for completing required homework problems and required exams.

Supplementary Materials

Other Required materials:

  • Calculator - Many students prefer the TI83 or similar models however you have freedom of choice among the dedicated calculator devices.
    • Whatever calculator you choose ~ YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR KNOWING HOW TO OPERATE IT. You may find that you need to locate the user manual, find an online video, or find someone who knows how to use your calculator.  *YOU* are responsible for learning to use your calculator.  
  • All Southwest students can freely install the Microsoft office 2016 software including Excel, Word, and PowerPoint by logging into the website https://portal.microsoftonline.com by using your Southwest login ( yourLogin@southwest.tn.edu ) and password and clicking the install icon in the upper right corner. Also, all college computers have Office 2016 installed and available for student use. If you use a college computer, you do not need to install the software. If you are using your personal laptop or computer (including Macintosh), you can free install the software using the link provided.
    • Excel is required.  Excel includes many features that help with statistical calculations.  Also, Excel helps with the repetitive calculations of statistics.  PLUS – MOST IMPORTANTLY – the columns & rows of an Excel worksheet help you to organize your work so that you can retrace your steps and locate errors.  THEN, if you are truly stuck on a problem, you can email your Excel spreadsheet to your instructor and ask for help.  Since your work will be in the Excel spreadsheet, your instructor will be able to review your work in the spreadsheet and help you determine the error. 
    • Word may be necessary for certain assignments or reviewing certain documents.
    • PowerPoint may be necessary for reviewing lecture slides provided with your textbook or by your instructor.  
  • PAWS Login/password and the daily use of the Southwest PAWS system:  https://elearn.southwest.tn.edu for important class emails, class content, dropbox, quizzes, attendance, grades, etc…  This access is freely available. You are responsible for logging in DAILY and checking your PAWS email daily.  
  • Internet access is necessary for connecting to the PAWS course management system and CONNECT.  These systems contain required & graded assignments including exams.  
  • At every class and every meeting with your instructor, you are required to have Paper, Pen, Pencil, a good eraser.  This enables us to use class time productively including in-class activities.
  • At every class and every meeting with your instructor, you are required to bring your notes.  Notes should be organized in a binder or notebook for organizing notes.
  • You are responsible for maintaining a copy of this syllabus including the class schedule and for bringing it to every class.
  • You are responsible for having a Southwest student ID.  It is free and available at Student activities.  It must be with you and displayed at all times. If you are asked to present your Southwest id, you will present it.  You may lose points if you do not have it.  More importantly, it is required for many college services and can be requested of you by any campus official.
  • A copy of the Southwest Student Handbook for the current academic year for understanding College policies that affect student processes and behaviors while at Southwest. This handbook is freely available from Student Services or online (Go to this page and then click the link to the Student Handbook:  http://www.southwest.tn.edu/catalog/ ).  You do not have to bring the handbook to class, but you are responsible for the content in this handbook.  Also, you will like the free calendar provided as part of the handbook.


Hardware Requirements

Computer with Internet access and sound equipment: This course employs videos where sound is beneficial. Students will benefit from some type of headset such as "earbuds" for listening to a course video on campus.

If this course requires the use of a computer, these are general recommendations for accessing any of the services that Southwest offers on the Web (e.g. My.Southwest, etc.).

  • minimum Pentium IV or higher processor (recommended)
  • SVGA monitor, minimum resolution 800x600 (1024x768 strongly recommended)
  • CD-ROM or DVD drive
  • floppy drive, zip drive, or CD-RW drive
  • Mouse or compatible pointing device
  • at least 512 MB of RAM (recommended)
  • (optional) printer
Software Requirements

Microsoft Excel 2016, Microsoft Word 2016, and Microsoft PowerPoint 2016.  All Southwest students can freely install the Microsoft Office 2016 software suite that includes Excel, Word, and Powerpoint by using your Southwest login ( yourLogin@southwest.tn.edu ) and password at the site:  https://portal.microsoftonline.com 

The software listed below is recommended for any student accessing Southwest services through the internet. Your course may have specific software requirements.

  • Windows 7, Vista, XP
  • Mac OS X (up to 10.6) (OS 10.6 recommended)
  • Linux with a Supported Browser
  • Microsoft Edge+
  • IE 10 & 11: some issues+
  • Firefox (latest)+
  • Firefox ESR+
  • Chrome (latest)+
  • Current Anti-Virus protection
  • Reliable Internet connection (broadband recommended but not required)

Many instructors may require assignments to be submitted using Microsoft Excel or Microsoft Word. To learn how to obtain discounted software from Microsoft, visit http://southwest.tn.onthehub.com.

Assessment and Grading
Method of Evaluation

Methods of Evaluation:

1.)  Connect Exams = 400 points. All Connect Exams listed below are required.  Your lowest exam grade will be dropped.

  • 100 points    Exam 1: Chpts 1-4
  • 100 points    Exam 2: Chpts 5 & 6
  • 100 points    Exam 3: Chpts 7 & 8
  • 100 points    Exam 4: Chpts 9 & 10
  • 100 points    Exam 5: Comprehensive Final (Chpts 1 - 11)

2.) Connect Chapter Problem Sets: 200 points. All Connect Chapter Problem Sets listed below are required.  You must earn a minimum score of 80% (16 out of 20 points) on the problem set or else your grade will be recorded as ZERO points toward the final grade. Once you reach a grade of 80% or higher, your score will count at that value. You may repeat the assignment as many times as you like prior to the assignment due date.  Only your highest grade will be recorded regardless of the order in which this high grade was earned.  Your lowest grade of all assigned Problem Sets will be dropped.

  • 20 points Chapter  1 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  2 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  3 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  4 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  5 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  6 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  7 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  8 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter  9 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter 10 Problem Set
  • 20 points Chapter 11 Problem Set 

3.) Connect LearnSmart: 200 points. All Connect LearnSmart assignments listed below are required.  You must complete a minimum score of 80% (16 out of 20 points) on the LearnSmart or else your grade will be recorded as ZERO points toward the final grade. Once you reach a grade of 80% or higher, your score will count at that value.  In other words, the percent complete is the point value that you earn.  Your lowest grade of all these assigned LearnSmarts will be dropped. 

As noted, LearnSmart is measured by percent complete.  Below are the assignments as well as the time that the publisher estimates you will need.  SOME STUDENTS WILL REQUIRE MORE TIME.  Each chapter will get progressively harder.  Plan double-time or longer to ensure you can complete the work.  Some students will go faster & some slower.

  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter  1: What is Statistics? 16 min (estimated time according to publisher)
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 2: Describing Data: Frequency Tables, Frequency Distributions, and Graphic Presentation   15 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 3: Describing Data: Numerical Measures   35 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 4: Describing Data: Displaying and Exploring Data    15 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 5: A Survey of Probability Concepts  31 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 6: Discrete Probability Distributions  21 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 7: Continuous Probability Distributions  25 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 8: Sampling Methods and the Central Limit Theorem  18 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 9: Estimation and Confidence Intervals  22 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 10: One-Sample Tests of Hypothesis 24 min
  • 20 points LearnSmart Chapter 11: Two-sample Tests of Hypothesis 21 min

4.) SLO Exam in My.Southwest: 45 points. This is a standardized test available at the end of the semester by the College via the My.Southwest system.  It is a 15 question multiple choice quiz designed to test your knowledge of the 5 objectives listed at the start of this syllabus.  You will be asked 3 questions on each of the 15 questions.  In this course, each question is valued at 3 points.


845 Total possible points*

* Your instructor reserves the right to add assignments throughout the semester.  Students who fail to fully attend and participate in class will not receive points for these assignments. This is one reason that it is important to check PAWS Email DAILY and to respond to items PROMPTLY.

How do I calculate my grade?

Your final grade will be calculated using the values recorded in the PAWS gradebook - NOT CONNECT.  You will complete assignments in Connect & you will see scores, but Connect will not appropriately apply rules like minimum score requirements, etc...  When your instructor posts your grades into PAWS, you will be emailed and asked to check your grade for accuracy.  You have 48 hours to notify your instructor of any error in the grade recorded in PAWS.  After that, the grade in PAWS will stand and will not be changed.  You are responsible for viewing your grades in PAWS and for monitoring your scores throughout the semester.

Since your grades will be available to you throughout the semester, you can calculate your grade to date in the course at any time. To calculate your grade, first determine “Points Earned” by simply adding up all the points that you have earned throughout the semester and then dividing by “Total Points Possible”.

For example:  Anna Apple adds up the points she earned on all assignments throughout the semester. For those assignments that are ungraded or not yet assigned, she will have to estimate (she guesses she will earn 95 on the next test and 18 out of 20 points on the last two Connect assignments). She thinks that the sum all the “Points Earned” is 635. Next, she divides by the “Total Possible Points”, which is 800. So, 635/800 = 0.794. Finally, Ms. Apple multiplies by 100, so: 0.794* 100 = 79.4. Ms. Apple now knows that she has earned a grade of “C” in the class.

Grading Scale

Grade Point Scale:

A             90 – 100%

B             80 – 89%

C             70 – 79%

D             60 – 69%

F              0 – 59%

Testing Procedure / Policy


  • No makeup exams. Your lowest exam grade will be dropped. If you miss an exam, then this exam would be your lowest grade and consequently your drop grade.
  • Late exams are not allowed nor accepted.
  • You are expected to complete your exams independently. Test instructions may require the use of anti-cheating techniques including online proctoring or in-person proctoring as deemed necessary by your instructor.
  • You are required to complete exams within the window of availability that the exam is assigned.
  • Exams are given in parts.  All parts are required.  Failure to complete all parts of the exam will result in a grade of zero on that part of the exam.
  • Once the exam is started, time limits will apply.
  • You have one and only one attempt at an exam.  Since exams are take home exams, disrupted exams are scored and count as the one attempt - regardless of the reason for the interruption.
  • Exams are password protected and the password is provided in PAWS as part of the test instructions.  You are required to read the exam instructions given to you in the PAWS Content section of our course.
  • On exams, the ebook options will be available to you. Also, you may use your book and notes.
  • On exams, the following features will *NOT be available:
    • "Check My Work"
    • "Hints"
    • Only 1 attempt is allowed.
  • Immediately after you submit the exam, only your TOTAL score is visible. After the due date of the exam (when the window of availability has closed for the entire class), the detailed feedback on each question including the solution will be provided. 

  • All Exams are online in the CONNECT system where due-dates *and* time limits apply. Since makeups are not allowed, you should plan to complete your exam using a reliable computer and network connection.  Also, make plans to submit your exam well in advance to avoid being locked out.  Again, there are no makeup exams.
    • The CONNECT system is *not* free. (discussed in textbook section)
    • If you complete work in the wrong CONNECT site, your grade is 0.
  • Exam questions often come from CONNECT Homework problems. To prepare, take notes as you do your homework.  Moreover, don't cheat on the homework where you have unlimited attempts.  If you do, you will suffer later when you are required to complete the test question or solve the problem on the test.  The expectation is & it also makes sense that you use the homework to learn so that you do well on the exam.


Major Assignments

Connect LearnSmart

For each LearnSmart, you have UNLIMITED attempts, but you are required to complete a minimum of 80% of the LearnSmart assignment to earn any points.  Since LearnSmart requires you to master the objective before moving on, this means that you have mastered 80% of the content to earn any points for this assignment.  Scores above 80% will be recorded as the point value that you earn.  In other words, if you earn a score of 82% then this is the score that will be posted into PAWS.  If you earn a score of 95%, then this is the score that will be posted into PAWS.  As you know, your grades are calculated using the point values posted in PAWS.  Your score (above 80%) is the percentage of the LearnSmart assignment completed.  Scores less than 80% will become ZERO during the final calculation of your grade.  Minimum scores are imposed to ensure that you do not quit on yourself. Another benefit to you is that your lowest  "20 point" score of all LearnSmart assignments is dropped. 

As previously explained, all students are required to have an access code to the CONNECT online homework system.   CONNECT is *NOT* free.  As explained in the "Required Text" section of this syllabus, the code is bundled with new textbooks or can be purchased separately in the bookstore or can be purchased online at your specific class section’s Web site.  

Also, I again issue the WARNING! That CONNECT assignments will take time! Students often say that the LearnSmart assignments take time.  Students also say that they learn from the LearnSmart assignments but they *apply* knowledge on the problem sets. 

  • Late work is not allowed nor accepted.
  • The rules describing the Connect Chapter Problem Sets also applied to the Connect LearnSmart. 

CONNECT Chapter Problem Sets:

Problem Sets will be difficult because you must demonstrate what you have learned.  Problem Sets contain problems that will be repeated on the exams.  

All students are required to have an access code to the CONNECT online homework system.   CONNECT is *NOT* free.  As explained in the "Required Text" section of this syllabus, the code is bundled with new textbooks or can be purchased separately in the bookstore or can be purchased online at your specific class section’s Web site. 

WARNING! CONNECT assignments will take time! Plan to work CONNECT assignments at least 3-days a week.

  • Late work is not allowed nor accepted.
  • Only the highest grade is used in the calculation of your final grade.   
    • Example #1:  Your first attempt is your highest attempt, then you repeat the homework (to study) and you earn a low grade.  I will only record your highest grade.
    • Example #2:  You attempt Connect homework for Chapter 3 five times before the due date.  The scores you earn (in order) are  90%,  100%, 80%, 5%, 2%, 75%.  Only the highest grade is used, which is 100%.
  • For all CONNECT homework, a minimum score of 80% must be earned to receive any credit.  Connect homework grades below 80% are recorded as zero. In other words, if your highest score is

    Between 0 - 79.9999999, you did not meet the minimum score and your homework grade on this assignment will revert to zero (0) in the final calculation of your grade.

    80 or above, your score will be the point value that you earned.

  • You can and should REPEAT the CONNECT assignments to earn the highest possible grade and to ensure that you understand the process for solving the problems. The reason that I encourage this is because you will see these problems again on the EXAMS!
    • After you submit the assignment, it is VITAL that you review the answers and solutions.  The system provides this information.
    • Please know that the problems are presented in random order.
    • Please know that the numbers used in the word problems will change each time you work the problem.  You are learning the process.  It will not benefit you to memorize answers or guess.
      • To that end, you must rework all problems each attempt.  It is IMPORTANT that you do so because you must improve your speed.  You are preparing for the exam.

Attention Students! Each class will have a unique CONNECT Web address – obtain the Web address on PAWS Course Home Page.  If you complete your work in the wrong section of CONNECT then you have earned a grade of zero (0) for these assignments.  **Also, remember that CONNECT is not free, you must pay for access – see the list of required course materials.**


Participation / Attendance Policy

You are responsible for checking PAWS Email daily. 

You are responsible for checking our course home page (make sure you click the link to enter our class section)  in PAWS.

Guidelines for Communications
Email Guidelines



1.) You are required to use the PAWS email system for class related email.

If you need to contact me outside of regular class time, PAWS E-mail (log into PAWS, click CLASSLIST, check the box next to my name as instructor, click the email button at the top of the list) is preferred. The email INSIDE OF PAWS is the preferred method of communication about course information. I check my e-mail many times throughout the day and will respond to you as quickly as possible. When e-mailing an instructor there are a few guidelines that you should follow: 

Always include a subject line that briefly states the purpose of your email

State the class that you are in.

Use proper business language such as correct spelling, grammar, and capitalization. You will not receive a response to emails that include slang such as "i" for the pronoun "I", or that address as your buddy. I am you instructor and it is important that we treat each other with respect. You are a business major and you are required to practice that level of formal communication beginning right now and always.

2.) ONLY IF PAWS Email is unavailable, then you can email my outside email: jmcgrory@southwest.tn.edu. If you use this email for class related questions, then you will delay your answer because I will respond by asking you to email me via the PAWS email system and without a response to your question. Again, you are a business major and you are required to practice that level of formal communication beginning right now and always. (See guidelines in previous paragraph.)


Each student has been provided a Southwest e-mail account. Please do not email your classmates unless the topic relates specifically to this course. E-mails that contain advertisements, solicitations, personal interests, etc. are strictly forbidden. Below are a few guidelines that you should keep in mind when sending email:

  • Always include a subject line.
  • Typing in all CAPS is considered SHOUTING in Cyberspace. So please use upper and lower case characters when sending e-mails.
  • Remember, without facial expressions some comments may be taken the wrong way. Be careful in wording your e-mails and use good Netiquette
  • Use standard fonts.
  • Do not send large attachments without permission.
  • Respect the privacy of other class members.

Online instructors will respond to all e-mails within 48 hours.

Discussion Guidelines

Below are a few guidelines that should be adhered to when using the Discussion forum. Messages that contain advertisements, solicitations, personal interests, etc. are strictly forbidden.

  • Review the discussion threads thoroughly before entering the discussion.
  • Please try to maintain threads by using the "Reply" button rather starting a new topic.
  • Do not make insulting or inflammatory statements to other members of the class. Be respectful of others' ideas.
  • Be patient and read the comments of other group members thoroughly before entering your remarks.
  • Be positive and constructive in group discussions.
  • Respond in a thoughtful and timely manner.
Technical Support
Technical Support

Technical Support for CONNECT / Smartbook / LearnSmart

If you experience difficulties with your Smartbook, LearnSmart or Connect assignments, you must contact the McGraw-Hill Technical Support

Also, you can find useful information for getting the most out of your Smartbook and other tips for success in your assignments at: http://www.connectstudentsuccess.com/

My.Southwest: Submit a Student Technical Support Request. Please provide a full detailed explanation of the problem.

PAWS: For course related questions, contact your instructor. For technical issues with the PAWS website, contact the College Helpdesk at (901) 333-4357.

Course Topics
Tentative Schedule

There are many tools in PAWS that will help you plan for the semester:

  • CONNECT -- each assignment has a due date -- submit your work well in advance of the due date.  Make time to repeat it.
  • PAWS - Calendar
  • PAWS - Dropbox - see the due dates

Overview of the semester (will open in a new window)


Student Services
Embedded Librarian Service This service may be found inside PAWS courses.
Two Southwest Librarians are assigned to work with you and your instructor throughout the course for the entire semester. The Librarians will suggest library resources and answer questions sent to "Ask A Librarian".

To contact a Librarian, go to the Classlist and select the "Ask A Librarian" tab.
Student Services Links

Academic Support

The Academic Support Center (ASC) provides free services and resources to help Southwest students successfully reach their academic and career goals. These services include tutoring by peer and master tutors, computer labs, success workshops, academic coaching, early alerts from your instructors and areas for individual or group study at numerous locations. The ASC also provides Supplemental Instruction in some of our general education classes and the Center is also responsible for Academic Progress Reporting so that you will be award of your academic standing during the 5th-6th week of the semester. Online tutoring services are offered through Smarthinking 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Simply login to your PAWS to access this online tutoring resource.

Drop/Withdrawal Dates

See the official college catalog for the current withdrawal policies. Important semester drop and withdrawal dates can be found on the college Web site at http://www.southwest.tn.edu.

Academic Misconduct

Plagiarism, cheating, and other forms of academic dishonesty are prohibited. A student guilty of academic misconduct, either directly or indirectly, through participation or assistance, is immediately responsible to the instructor of the class. The instructor has the authority to assign an “F” grade or a zero for the exercise or examination, or to assign an “F” for the course. College sanctions for academic misconduct may include suspension or dismissal from the College. Please see the section in the current Catalog on Academic Misconduct.

Classroom Behavior: Any student engaged in disruptive conduct or conduct violating the general rules or regulations of the College may be ordered to temporarily leave the classroom. Extended or permanent exclusion from the classroom can be achieved only through appropriate procedures of the College.

Open Labs

Macon Cove

  • Academic Support Center: Available during working hours
  • Bert Bornblum Library: Available during library hours
  • Farris 2131: M-R 8-5:30, F 804:30

Union Avenue

  • Academic Support Center - F Building, Room 319, available during working hours
  • Parrish Library - Available during library hours
  • M105: 8-6:30


  • Computer Lab- Room 101 (Please note - this room is available when classes are not scheduled. Schedule fluctuates each semester.)
  • Library - Available during Library hours only.

Maxine Smith

  • Open Lab- Room 101.
  • Library - Available during Library hours only.


  • Open Lab Building 6, Room 127
  • Library - Available during Library hours only.
Syllabus Updates The instructor reserves the right to make changes as necessary to this syllabus. If changes are necessitated during the term of the course, the instructor will immediately notify students of such changes.